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Periodontal Disease

Dr. Rebecca Hobbs and our Hygiene Team are focused on the prevention and early diagnosis of periodontal disease in our Augusta dental office.

Studies show that most adults will have some form of periodontal disease as they mature. At Hobbs Dentistry we recommend that our patients see us every 3-6 months for a complete dental examination to monitor their oral health and help prevent periodontal disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an infection that begins with the formation of dental plaque, the sticky bacterial film that forms on the teeth within a few hours after brushing.

  • Left undisturbed, dental plaque forms hard deposits on the tooth surfaces (called calculus), causing the gums to become inflamed and swollen. This initial stage of periodontal disease is called Gingivitis.
  • If the calculus and plaque are not removed, the harmful bacteria will continue to multiply and penetrate areas between the teeth and the gums where the toothbrush is unable to reach.

Visit the ADA® website to learn more about Periodontal Disease.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

As the disease-causing bacteria levels increase beneath the gums, an infection develops that triggers the body's immune system. The immune response to stop the infection becomes a vicious cycle that results in the loss of soft tissue and bone. Without bone support, the teeth in the affected area will also be lost.

The symptoms of periodontal disease include:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bleeding when brushing and flossing
  • Bad taste in mouth or bad breath
  • Teeth that are loose or look like they are getting longer
  • Gums pulling away from the teeth (receding)
  • Sore gums or discomfort when chewing or biting
stages of gum disease from gingivitis to periodontitis

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Dr. Hobbs may recommend further assessment for periodontal disease if there is evidence of inflammation or bone loss. A periodontal assessment includes taking measurements of the ‘pockets’, or areas between the teeth and the gums, to see if the gums have pulled away from the teeth. Deep pocketing is an indication of an area where the infection has affected the soft tissue. Dr. Hobbs and our dental hygienists will use dental x-rays to determine if there has been any bone loss.

Early to moderate periodontal disease may be treated non-surgically by Dr. Hobbs and our dental hygienists with procedures (root planing) to remove calculus deposits and control bacterial levels. If we can eliminate the source of the infection and promote healing, we can help to prevent further bone loss.

In the case of severe bone loss or extensive periodontal disease, Dr. Hobbs may refer the patient to a local periodontist, a dental specialist in surgical periodontal treatment. Dr. Hobbs and the periodontist may recommend bone and soft tissue grafting procedures to restore areas affected by periodontal disease.

Are you looking for a preventive dentist near you?

If you have any of the symptoms of periodontal disease or if it has been a while since you have seen a dentist, we encourage you to Contact Hobbs Dentistry to schedule an appointment. We will be glad to talk with you about your situation and address any questions you may have.